Periodontal or gum disease is the inflammation of the gums. It is caused by plaque, a thick film of bacteria that builds up on the teeth. Symptoms include:
- Red, swollen, tender, painful or bleeding gums.
- Persistent bad breath.
- A bad taste in your mouth.
- Loose teeth, drifting apart of teeth, and gaps appearing between teeth.
- Abscesses between teeth and gums.
Treatment includes removal of buildups of plaque and calculus using dental instruments.